is the capital of Shaanxi
Province, and a sub-provincial city in the People's
Republic of China. One of the oldest cities in china,
with more than 3,100 years of history, the city was
known as Chang'an before the Ming Dynasty. Xi'an is
one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, having
held that position under several of' the most important
dynasties in Chinese history, including Zhou, Qin, Han,
Sui, and Tang. Xi'an is the eastern terminus of the
Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army.
Since the 1990s, as part of the economic revival of
inland China, especially for the central and northwest
regions, the city of Xi'an has re-emerged as an important
cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest
region, with facilities for research and development,
national security and China's space exploration program.
Xi'an lies on the Guanzhong Plain in central China,
on a flood plain created by the eight surrounding rivers
and streams. The city has an average elevation of 400
metres (1.312 ft) above sea level and an annual precipitation
of 550 millimetres (22 in). The Wei River provides potable
water to the city.
The city borders the northern foot of the
Qinling Mountains to the south, and the banks of the
Wei River to the north. Hua Shan, one of the five sacred
Taoist mountains, is located l00 km away to the east
of the city. Not far to the north is the Loess Plateau.
At the beginning of Han Dynasty, Prime Minister
Zhang Liang advised the emperor Liu Bang to choose Guanzhong
as the capital of the Han Dynasty: "Guanzhong Plain,
which is located behind Xiao Pass and Hangu Pass, connects
Long Plain and Shu Plain. Land of thousand, miles and
rich harvest can be found here, as if this place belonged
to the nation of the heaven." Since then, Guanzhong
is also known as "Nation of the Heaven".
China Great Travel offers tailor made Xi'an tours which
including private Xi'an tour packages, local group big
bus day trips. The following tours are for your reference.
There are many other tour attractions you can choose.
We are always ready to customize a private and personal
Xi'an tour package for you which can have more tourist
destinations included: Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Hong
Kong, Guilin, Kunming, or Yangtse River. Just send us
an email to get our travel expert help planning your
China tour to Xi'an. (Designing tour itinerary is free!)
1. Xi'an Seat In Coach
2. Private Xi'an Tours
Packages Inclusive Of Visiting Xi'an