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Home >> China Travel Tips >> Natural Resources

Chinese Natural Resources

Multifarious weather conditions have endowed China with an abundance of flora and fauna resources, and that is why most of the farm crops, plants and wildlife in the world can be found in the country.

No country is so teeming with wildlife as China, home to more than 6,266 species of terrestrial vertebrates, 10% of the world, include 1,258 species of birds, 500 species of beasts, 295 species of amphibians, and 412 species of reptiles, 3862 species of fishes. Many animals are indigenous to China.

China also boasts more than 32,000 species of higher plants. Metasequoia, Cathaya argyrophlla, Pseudolarix amabilis, Eucommia ulmoides, and Fokienia hodginsii are indigenous trees in China, hence China's nickname, ¡°World Treasury of Trees¡±. Some of the country's oldest trees have made a name for themselves for their close association with Chinese history. A cypress 20 m in height and 20 m in maximum girth in the Yellow Emperor's Temple in Huangling County, Shaanxi Province, is reputedly the nation's kin gof cypresses. The Zhou Dynasty cypress in the Jinci Temple in Taiyuan, is more than 3, 000 years in age. China is also lauded as the ¡°Mother of World Horticulture¡± for a rich variety of exotic flowers it has developed, such as peony, plum winter jasmine and azalea.

More than 700 nature reserves have been established across the country to protect and preserve native animals and plants, especially endangered species. By June 1988, a total of 26 nature reserves- the Changnai Mountains, Mount Wuyi, Shennongjia, Yanceng, Xishuangbanna, Maolan, Wolong, Tianmu Mountain and Jiuzhaigou Gully, Nanji Islands Shankou, Baishui River, Huanglong and Foping- had become part of UNESCO Man and Biosphere Program.

As the third largest country of the world, China is a world power in natural resources, and is ranked third in the world in the total volume of verified deposits of mineral resources, forth in the world in farmland acreage, and sixth in forest acreage. Its river rank sixth in total annual runoffs.

Another basic fact about China is that deposit its immense natural resource aggregate, it is resource-poor on a per capita basis, considering its huge population.

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