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Home >> China Travel Guide >> China's Education
 
 

Education In China

Since 1950 China has carried out nine-year compulsory education in a fifth of the world's population. Nine-year compulsory education operates in 90% of China's populated areas, and then illiteracy in the young and mid-aged population has fallen from over 80% down to 5%. The system also trained some 60 million mid- or high-level professionals and about 400 million laborers to junior or senior high school level. Today, 250 million Chinese get three levels of school education, (elementary, junior and senior high school) doubling the rate of increase in the rest of the world during the same period. Net elementary school enrolment has reached 98.9 %, and the gross enrollment rate in junior high schools 94.1%.

China's educational horizons are expanding. Ten years ago the MBA was virtually unknown to Chinese, however, by 2004 there were 47,000 MBAs who trained at 62 MBA schools. Many people also apply for international professional qualifications, such as EMBA and MPA; about 10,000 MPA students are enrolled in 47 schools of higher learning, including Peking University and Tsinghua University. The education market has rocketed, with training and testing for professional qualifications, such as computer and foreign languages, thriving. Continuing education is the trend, once in one's life schooling has become lifelong learning.

International cooperation and education exchanges increase every year. China has more students studying abroad than any other country; since 1979, there have been 697,000 Chinese students studying in 103 countries and regions, of whom 185,000 have returned after finishing their studies. The number of foreign students studying in China has also increased rapidly; in 2004, over 110,000 students from 178 countries were studying at China's universities.

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