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Home >> China Tours >> China City Tour >> Luoyang Tour Package, Group & Private Luoyang Tours, Sightseeing Day Trip & Travel Guide
 
 

Luoyang Tour

Luoyang locationLocated in the western part of China's central Henan Provine, Luoyang is one of china's seven ancient capitals. Today it's hard to imagine that Luoyang was once the center of the Chinese universe, the Eastern Capital of the great Tang dynasty and home to over 1,300 Buddhist temples. The city endured a sacking in the l2th century by Juchen invaders from which it never quite recovered. For centuries the city languished with only memories of greatness, its population dwindling to a mere 20,000 inhabitants by the l920s.

The greater Luoyang area has been a sacred ground since the late Neolithic period. This area at the intersection of the Luo and Yi rivers, called the Waste of Xia, was considered to be the geographical center of China. Because of this sacred aspect, several cites, all of which are generally referred to as "Luoyang", have been built there. In 2070 BC, King Tai Kang of Xia Dynasty moved the Xia capital to the intersection of Luo river and Yi River and named the city Zhenxun. In 1600 BC, King Tang of Shang defeated Jie, the final king of Xia dynasty, and built Western Bo, a new capital on the Luo River. The ruins of Western Bo are located in Luoyang Prefecture.
In 1136 BC a settlement named Chengzhou was constructed by the Duke of Zhou for the remnants of the captured Shang nobility. The Duke also moved the Nine Tripod Cauldrons to Chengzhou from the Zhou capital at Haojing. A second Western Zhou capital, Wangcheng was built 15 km west of Chengzhou. It became the capital of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty in 771 BC. The Easten Zhou capital was moved to Chengzhou in 510 BC. Later, the Han dynasty capital of Luoyang would be built over Chengzhou. The ruins of Chengzhou are still visible today 2 kilometres east of the White Horse Temple area. Modern Luoyang is built over the ruins of Wangcheng, which are still visible today at Wangcheng Park. In AD 25, Luoyang became the capital of Eastern Han Dynasty. For several centuries, Luoyang was the focal point of China.

The late second century saw China decline into anarchy. The decline was accelerated by the rebellion by the Yellow Turbans. This was followed by a state of continual unrest and wars in China until a modicum of stability returned in the 220s, but with the establishment of three separate kingdoms, rather than a unified empire.

In AD 190, Chancellor Dong Zhuo ordered his soldiers to ransack, pillage and raze the city as he retreated from the coalition set up against him by regional lords from across China. The court was subsequently moved to the more defensible western city of Chang'an. Following a period of disorder. Luoyang was restored to prominence when Emperor Wen of the Wei Dynasty declared it his capital in AD 220. The Jin Dynasty, successor to Wei, was also established in Luoyang. When Jin was overrun by invaders and forccd to move its capital to Jiankang (modern day Nanjing). Luoyang was nearly totally destroyed. In AD 493 the Northern Wei Dynasty moved its capital from Datong to Luoyang and started the construction of the rock-cut Longmen Grottoes.

During the Tang Dynasty, Luoyang was the "Eastern Capital" and at its height had a population of around one million, second only to Chang'an, the 'Western Capital", and the largest city in the world. During the short-lived Five Dynasties, Luoyang was the capital of the Later Tang. After that period, Luoyang no longer served as capital of any subsequent dynasties.

China Great Travel offers customized Luoyang tours which including private Luoyang tour packages and group big bus day trips. The following tours are for your reference. There are many other tour attractions you can choose. We are always ready to tailor make a private and personal Luoyang tour package for you which can have more tourist destinations included: Beijing, Kaifeng, Shanghai, Hohot, Tianjin, Pingyao or Yangtse River. Just send us an email to get our travel expert help planning your China tour to Luoyang.

Private Luoyang Tours

Shaolin Temple 2 Days China Luoyang Tour Package

Tour Code: Luoyang_01
Destinations: Luoyang

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