Abakh Khoja Tomb
5 kilometers (3.1 miles) northeast of the city of Kashgar,
it served as the family tomb of Abakh Khoja, the powerful
ruler of Kashgar in the 17th century who was revered
as a prophet and second only to Mohammed. First built
in 1640, all five generations of the family are buried
within. There were 72 tombs until an earthquake destroyed
some. The first generation buried here was Yusuf Hoja,
a celebrated Islam missionary. After he died, his eldest
son Apak Hoja died in 1693, buried here and his reputation
was greater than his father's, so the tomb was renamed
"Abakh Khoja Tomb".
The different buildings include Tomb
Hall, Doctrine-Teaching Hall and Great Hall of
Prayer. The Tomb Hall, with a 17-meter- (55.8-foot)
diameter dome is covered with glazed green tiles.
Inside the hall, tombs decorated with beautiful
flower patterns on a white background, glittering,
simple and elegant are settled on a high terrace.
The legend goes that among those, a tomb known
as the Xiang Fei (Fragrant Concubine) Tomb is
in memory of Abakh Khoja's grand-daughter, Iparhan.
She was the Fragrant Concubine of Emperor Qianlong
of the Qing period and was called Xiangfei because
of the delicate fragrance sent forth by her body.
Upon her death 120 people
spent three years carrying her coffin back to
Kashgar and buried here.
The Great Hall of Prayer in the west
part of the tomb (Ayitijiayi) is the place where
the Muslim believers conduct service on big days.
The Lesser Hall of Prayer and the gate tower are
outmost buildings decorated with colorful paintings
and elegant brick carvings.
It is the holiest place in Xinjiang
and an architectural treasure. During the Korban
Festival, many Muslims form all over Xinjiang
make the pilgrimage to the tomb. The tomb, about
3 kilometers east of the city, is easily accessible
by horse cart or bicycle.
Xinjiang Travel Attractions