Mt. Huangshan (Yellow
Situated in Huangshan, at the southern of
Anhui Province, Yellow Mountains covers an area of 154
square kilometers. It has long been reputed as ¡°the
wonderland¡± and ¡°Heaven on
Earth¡±. As a saying goes, ¡°There
is no reason to visit any other mountain after seeing
Huangshan Mountain¡±. The marvelous Yellow
Mountains amazes many visitors from home and abroad
with its ancient wondrous pines, unique rock formations,
the sea of clouds and hot springs.
Originally it was called Yishan, which means
Black Mountains, in ancient times. The legend has it
that the Yellow Emperor Huangdi, the ancestor of Chinese
nation, had become an immortal in the mountain, so it
was renamed to Yellow Mountains in 747 of Tang Dynasty
(618-907). Since ancient times, Huangshan (Yellow Mountains)
has been a well-known destination for scholars, poets
and hermits. In 1990, Yellow Mountains was enlisted
as one of World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Yellow Mountains is famous for its ¡°four
wonders¡±, which are ancient wondrous pines,
unique rock formations, the sea of clouds and hot springs.
It is a well combination of charming natural scenery
and profound human landscape.
Pines can be found in every corner of the
Yellow Mountains with exceedingly strange gestures.
The seeds of pines fall into the crevice of the mountain
and grow up with great vigor. Because of the uneven
terrain and unique natural environment, these pines
rise up in different gestures. Some are tall and straight,
some crooked and even downward. Hence a saying goes
¡°There is no rock without pine and there
is no pine without grotesque shape¡±.
Ten famous pines on Yellow Mountains: Guest-Greeting
Pine (in front of the stone lion of the Jade Screen
Pavilion in the Jade Screen Scenic Area), Guest-Goodbye
Pine (to the right of the Jade Screen Pavilion), Cushion
Pine (at Lotus Valley), Sea Exploring Pine (on the top
of Celestial Capital Peak), Black Tiger Pine (on the
way from Beihai Hotel to Beginning-to-believe Peak),
Kylin Pine (between Bei Hai Hotel and the Refreshing
Terrace), Harp Pine (between Beginning-to-believe Peak
and Black Tiger Pine), Couple Pine (on the way to Beginning-to-believe
Peak), Dragon Claw Pine (at Beginning-to-believe Peak),
Guidance Pine (at Beginning-to-believe Peak).
Under the influence of erosion and fracture,
Yellow Mountains form lofty peaks and deep ravines.
Some rocks look like human beings, birds, animals or
many other objects. It is more amazing that a rock resembles
varied shapes if seen from different angles or in different
kinds of weather. Some spectacular rocks are accompanied
with wondrous pines, presenting a presenting a natural
and harmonious picture.
Famous rocks: Stone Monkey Watching the
Sea, Flying-over Rock, Two Cat Catching a Mouse, 'Immortal
Pointing the Way'', ''Magpie on a Plum Tree'', ''Eighteen
Arhats Facing the South Sea'', ''Goddess Embroidering'',
''Immortal Sunning His Boot'', ''Squirrel Skipping to
celestial Capital'', ''Golden Cock Crowing towards the
Heavenly Gate", etc.
The whole Yellow Mountains is wrapped in
misty clouds in all four seasons of the year, which
can be geographically divided into East Sea, South Sea,
West Sea, North Sea and Sky Sea. These vast and misty
seas of clouds veil the valleys and mountains and allow
only the peaks to show, emerging a picturesque fairyland.
If you climb up the Lotus Peak, the Celestial Capital
Peak and the Brightness Peak, you will find yourself
above the level of the clouds and they appear as a sea
Best places to watch seas of clouds: Jade
Screen Pavilion to watch South Sea, Refreshing Terrace
to watch North Sea, Cloud-dispelling Pavilion to watch
West Sea, White Goose Bridge to watch East Sea, and
Turtle Peak to appreciate Sky Sea.
As one of the four wanders in Yellow Mountains,
the hot spring running out of the Purple Peak of 850
meters (2, 789 feet). Legend has it that Emperor Xuanyuan,
one of China's ancestors, took bath in the
hot spring for 49 days and then became immortal. The
hot spring is the first stop after entering the gate
of the scenic area. With a temperature of 42?, it has
a total volume of flow of 400 tons. The spring water
is not only suitable for bathing but is also said to
be effective in curing diseases of dermatitis, arthritis
and nervous system.
and Xidi Village