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Home >> China City Guide >> Anhui Province >> Mt. Huangshan (Yellow Mountains)

Mt. Huangshan (Yellow Mountains)

Mt. Huangshan, Huangshan
Mt. Huangshan, Huangshan China
Mt. Huangshan
Mt. Huangshan, Huangshan Anhui China
Mt. Huangshan, Huangshan Anhui
Mt. Huangshan, Huangshan Anhui province

Situated in Huangshan, at the southern of Anhui Province, Yellow Mountains covers an area of 154 square kilometers. It has long been reputed as ¡°the wonderland¡± and ¡°Heaven on Earth¡±. As a saying goes, ¡°There is no reason to visit any other mountain after seeing Huangshan Mountain¡±. The marvelous Yellow Mountains amazes many visitors from home and abroad with its ancient wondrous pines, unique rock formations, the sea of clouds and hot springs.

Originally it was called Yishan, which means Black Mountains, in ancient times. The legend has it that the Yellow Emperor Huangdi, the ancestor of Chinese nation, had become an immortal in the mountain, so it was renamed to Yellow Mountains in 747 of Tang Dynasty (618-907). Since ancient times, Huangshan (Yellow Mountains) has been a well-known destination for scholars, poets and hermits. In 1990, Yellow Mountains was enlisted as one of World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Yellow Mountains is famous for its ¡°four wonders¡±, which are ancient wondrous pines, unique rock formations, the sea of clouds and hot springs. It is a well combination of charming natural scenery and profound human landscape.

Pines can be found in every corner of the Yellow Mountains with exceedingly strange gestures. The seeds of pines fall into the crevice of the mountain and grow up with great vigor. Because of the uneven terrain and unique natural environment, these pines rise up in different gestures. Some are tall and straight, some crooked and even downward. Hence a saying goes ¡°There is no rock without pine and there is no pine without grotesque shape¡±.

Ten famous pines on Yellow Mountains: Guest-Greeting Pine (in front of the stone lion of the Jade Screen Pavilion in the Jade Screen Scenic Area), Guest-Goodbye Pine (to the right of the Jade Screen Pavilion), Cushion Pine (at Lotus Valley), Sea Exploring Pine (on the top of Celestial Capital Peak), Black Tiger Pine (on the way from Beihai Hotel to Beginning-to-believe Peak), Kylin Pine (between Bei Hai Hotel and the Refreshing Terrace), Harp Pine (between Beginning-to-believe Peak and Black Tiger Pine), Couple Pine (on the way to Beginning-to-believe Peak), Dragon Claw Pine (at Beginning-to-believe Peak), Guidance Pine (at Beginning-to-believe Peak).

Under the influence of erosion and fracture, Yellow Mountains form lofty peaks and deep ravines. Some rocks look like human beings, birds, animals or many other objects. It is more amazing that a rock resembles varied shapes if seen from different angles or in different kinds of weather. Some spectacular rocks are accompanied with wondrous pines, presenting a presenting a natural and harmonious picture.

Famous rocks: Stone Monkey Watching the Sea, Flying-over Rock, Two Cat Catching a Mouse, 'Immortal Pointing the Way'', ''Magpie on a Plum Tree'', ''Eighteen Arhats Facing the South Sea'', ''Goddess Embroidering'', ''Immortal Sunning His Boot'', ''Squirrel Skipping to celestial Capital'', ''Golden Cock Crowing towards the Heavenly Gate", etc.

The whole Yellow Mountains is wrapped in misty clouds in all four seasons of the year, which can be geographically divided into East Sea, South Sea, West Sea, North Sea and Sky Sea. These vast and misty seas of clouds veil the valleys and mountains and allow only the peaks to show, emerging a picturesque fairyland. If you climb up the Lotus Peak, the Celestial Capital Peak and the Brightness Peak, you will find yourself above the level of the clouds and they appear as a sea beneath you.

Best places to watch seas of clouds: Jade Screen Pavilion to watch South Sea, Refreshing Terrace to watch North Sea, Cloud-dispelling Pavilion to watch West Sea, White Goose Bridge to watch East Sea, and Turtle Peak to appreciate Sky Sea.

As one of the four wanders in Yellow Mountains, the hot spring running out of the Purple Peak of 850 meters (2, 789 feet). Legend has it that Emperor Xuanyuan, one of China's ancestors, took bath in the hot spring for 49 days and then became immortal. The hot spring is the first stop after entering the gate of the scenic area. With a temperature of 42?, it has a total volume of flow of 400 tons. The spring water is not only suitable for bathing but is also said to be effective in curing diseases of dermatitis, arthritis and nervous system.

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