As early as 6000 years ago, our ancestors
first exploited Dalian region. In Qin and Han
period (221B.C.-220A.D.), Dalian region was under
the jurisdiction of Liaodong county. In the early
period of Tang Dynasty (618-907), Dalian region
was under the jurisdiction of Andong Prefecture
in Jili state, and in Liao Dynasty (916-1125),
it was under the jurisdiction of Dong Jing Tong
Liaoyang county. Dalian was named Sanshan in the
period of Weijin (220-420), San Shanpu in Tang
Dynasty (618-907), Sanshan Seaport in Ming Dynasty
(1368-1644) and Qing Niwakou in Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
In the 1880's, Qing government constructed loading
bridges and fortifications with built-in cannons,
and set up mine camps in the northern coast of
Dalian gulf, making it become a small town. After
the invasion and occupation of Russia, the city
was called Qing Niwa and was renamed Dalian in
1899.During the 1st and 2nd Opium War, Dalian
was invaded and harassed by the British army.
As the main battlefield of the Sino-Japanese War
of 1894-1895 and Japanese-Russian War, Dalian
suffered great calamity in these two wars in modern
history. Consequently, Dalian became Russian and
Japanese colony for nearly half a century, meanwhile
under the Japanese colonial rule for 40 years.
The unconditional surrender of Japan on August
of 1945 marks the liberation of Dalian in the
anti-fascist war, thus ends 40 years' colonial
rule over the city. On September of the same year,
the Preparatory Committee of Dalian Workers' Union
was founded. On October, the northeast bureau
of the Communist Party of China appointed Mr.
Hanguan secretary of the CPC Dalian Committee,
and the CPC Dalian Committee and Dalian municipal
government were founded. On July of 1946, the
CPC Dalian Committee was reorganized into the
CPC Luda committee. From 1949 to 1956, the socialist
transformation was almost finished. From 1957
to 1966, the all-around socialist construction
started. From 1966 to 1976, Dalian experienced
the Cultural Revolution. After 1976, Dalian entered
the new period of socialist modernization construction.
In 1984, Dalian was approved by the State Council
to be the coastal open-up city and was designated
as the city with separate economic plan in 1985,
enjoying provincial level decision-making authority.
On the east coast of Eurasia and the
southern tip of Liaodong peninsular in northeast
China, Dalian stretches from 120.58' to 123.31'
east longitude and 38.43' to 40.10' north latitude,
with the Yellow Sea on the east, Bohai Sea on
the west, facing the Shandong peninsular across
the sea on the south and backed up by the vast
Northeast Plain on the north. Dalian is the marine
gateway of northeast China, North China. East
China and the whole world. It is also an important
port, and a trade, industry and tourism city.
Dalian covers an area of 12574 square
kilometers, among which 2415 square kilometers
of area is the old city. This area abounds with
mountains and hills, while plains and lowlands
are rarely seen. The terrain, high and broad on
the north, low and narrow on the south, tilts
to the Yellow Sea on the southeast and the Bohai
Sea on the northwest from the center. The region
which faces the Yellow Sea is long and gentle.
The Qianshan Mountain range of Chang Baishan Mountain
system passes through the whole region from north
to south. Mountain regions and long eroded foothills
are widely dispersed within the region. Plains
and lowlands are only interspersed near the confluence
and in some valleys. Kast topography and sea erosion
topography are everywhere.
By the end of 2009, Dalian had 4 professional
art performance troupes under its direct municipal
jurisdiction, 13 public libraries, 12 cultural
art galleries and 7 public museums.
Artistic creation and performance: The 20th Dalian
International Fashion Festival opening night was
held successfully. The professional art performance
troupes under direct municipal jurisdiction completed
some 900 scenes of performance, including 400
scenes of performance at home. More than 120 scenes
were for "Sending Plays to Villages".
"Dream Ballet" won the second prize
for general magic at the 24th World Magic Conference.
Social and cultural events: Some events
such as "In honour of the Mass Performances
Celebration Week for the 60th Anniversary of New
China"; a series of "Ode to Motherland"
and the 15th Korean Folk Culture and Art Festival
were organized. At the "First Farmers Art
Festival of Liaoning Province", Dalian won
14 first prizes, 22 second and 24 third, ranking
first in the province both in number of total
awards and winning of the first prize. In "the
9th Dandelion National Outstanding Youth Artist
Trials", Dalian won 32 gold medals, 42 silvers,
and 46 bronzes, ranking first in total awards
in the nation. There were 5 protection lists of
"non-material cultural heritage" at
national level, 24 at provincial and 75 at municipal;
there were 3 representative inheritors at national
level, 11 at provincial and 75 at municipal. Throughout
the year, there were 12,000 times film shows for
farmers, with more than 200 million viewers.
News and publishing (copyright) administration:
By the end of the year, Dalian had 6 newspapers,
54 periodicals and 6 publishing houses (including
audio and video). 390 copyright registrations
were completed, up by 11 percent over the previous
year. The event of "Delivering Books to Villages"
was launched, more than 30 thousand books were
sold and over 3700 books donated.
Administration of cultural market: 60 thousand
illegal publications (disks) were confiscated,
of which 50,000 were pirated books, 480,000 pirated
optical discs, and other illegal publications
20000 (copy). The Internet cafe chain was vigorously
promoted; the franchise rate achieved 100%.
Cultural relics and museum work: Field
work in Dalian for the third national survey on
cultural relics was completed, 2010 items of immovable
historical relics were recovered or newly discovered.
Dalian Immovable Historical Relics Protection
Regulations, the first local protection law for
cultural relics, was drafted; Overview of Dalian
Cultural Relics, the first professional book describing
Dalian's cultural relics, was published. Industrial
heritage was for first time put into the protection
system, 27 units were confirmed as focused protection.
Two protection lists with 143 immovable historical
relics were publicized. Municipal museums held
40 shows and displays, and received 453 objects
donated and 804 collected.
Radio and television:There were 40,000 new cable
subscribers throughout the year, total users reached
more than 180 million;50,000 overall conversion
of digital cable television were completed, cable
digital TV users reached more than 150 million;592
km new post cables were built, 1,969 km fiber
optic cables and 684 km cables were laid for the
cable network in rural areas. In 2009, the TV
series "Venture into East of Shanhaiguan"
won the national prize of "Five Best Projects"
award, 4 prizes of "Flying Apsaras Awards,"
7 "Golden Eagle Prizes" and the Seoul
drama award for best screenplay. Throughout the
year, 5 television programs and works won national
awards and 69 won provincial prizes.
Dalian Travel Attractions